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Indian Institute of Technology Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering

GATE, the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering, is a prestigious national-level exam that evaluates candidates’ comprehensive knowledge in various undergraduate subjects, including Engineering, Technology, Science, Architecture, and Humanities. GATE 2024 is organized by IISc Bengaluru and seven IITs, namely Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, and Roorkee, on behalf of the National Coordination Board (NCB), Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, Government of India. This examination serves as a benchmark for admission to various Master’s and Doctoral Programs and offers recruitment opportunities with certain Public Sector Undertakings.

Admission Procedure through IIT GATE

Admission to the Economics M.Sc. and MA courses in IITs follows a specific process: GATE Examination: Eligible candidates need to appear for the GATE examination. Successful clearance of the GATE exam is a prerequisite. Application to Admitting Institutes: After clearing the GATE exam, candidates can apply to the respective IITs or admitting institutes offering the Economics programs. Institute-specific Examinations: Some institutes may conduct their own examinations or interviews as part of the admission process, in addition to considering GATE scores. It’s advisable to check with the specific admitting institute for any additional requirements. Please note that the admission process may vary slightly from one institute to another, so it’s essential to stay updated by referring to the official websites of the respective IITs and institutions where you intend to apply.

Eligibility Criteria for IIT GATE 2024

Candidates who are currently enrolled in the 3rd year or beyond of an undergraduate degree program or have successfully completed a government-approved degree program in Engineering, Technology, Science, Architecture, or Humanities are eligible to participate in GATE 2024. For more comprehensive details regarding the eligibility criteria, please refer to the information provided below. Candidates holding B.Sc., B.A., or B.Com. degrees (3-year programs) who wish to pursue Master’s programs at IITs and IISc are encouraged to explore JAM 2024 for further information.

No. of Seats for MSc Eco through IIT GATE

There are a total of 60+ seats available for M.Sc. and MA courses in Economics across three IITs. Here is the breakdown of the courses and seat availability in each institute: IIT Roorkee: Offers M.Sc. in Economics with 30 seats. IIT Delhi: Offers M.Sc. in Economics with 25 seats. IIT Kharagpur: Offers an Integrated B.Sc. (Hons.) + M.Sc. in Economics program with 20 seats. Please note that the exact number of available seats may vary from year to year, and it’s advisable to check with the respective institutes for the most up-to-date information on seat availability.

Fees for IIT Institutes

The program’s fees may vary depending on the institute, so it’s advisable to visit the admitting institute’s website for detailed information on the fee structure.

IIT GATE Entrance Exam Syllabus

Syllabus for XH – B1 (Reasoning and Comprehension):

This section assesses candidates’ ability to understand and interpret written information, crucial skills for research in Humanities and Social Sciences. It emphasizes critical reasoning and text analysis rather than language competence, similar to exams like LSAT, GRE, and GMAT. Questions include reading comprehension, expression, analytical reasoning, and logical reasoning.

XH – C1


C1.1 Microeconomics:

Theory of Consumer Behaviour: Cardinal Approach and Ordinal Approach; Consumer Preferences; Nature of the utility function; Marshallian and Hicksian demand functions; Duality Theorem. Slutsky equation and Comparative Statics. Homogeneous and Homothetic Utility Functions; Euler’s Theorem. The Theory of Revealed Preference: Weak Axiom of Revealed Preference and Strong Axiom of Revealed Preference, Theory of Production and Costs: Short-run and Long-run Analysis, Existence, Uniqueness and Stability of Market Equilibrium: Walrasian and Marshallian Stability Analysis. The Cobweb Model, Decision making under uncertainty and risk. Asymmetric Information: Adverse Selection and Moral Hazard. Theory of Agency costs. The Theory of Search, Non-Cooperative games: Constant sum game, Mixed Strategy & Pure Strategy, Bayesian Nash Equilibrium, SPNE, Perfect Bayesian Equilibria., Theory of Firm: Market Structures — Competitive and Non-competitive equilibria and their efficiency properties. Structure-Conduct-Performance Paradigm, Factor Pricing: Marginal productivity Theory of Distribution in Perfectly Competitive markets; Theory of Employment in Imperfectly Competitive Markets — Monopolistic Exploitation, General Equilibrium Analysis. Welfare Economics: Fundamental Theorems, Social Welfare Function. Efficiency Criteria: Pareto-Optimality.

C1.2 Macroeconomics:

National Income Accounting: Closed Economy Concepts and Measurement and Open Economy Issues, Determination of output and employment: Classical & Keynesian Framework, Theories of Consumption: Absolute Income Hypothesis, Relative Income Hypothesis, Life Cycle Hypothesis, Permanent Income Hypothesis and Robert Hall’s Random Walk Model; Investment Function Specifications – Dale Jorgenson’s Neoclassical Theory of Capital Accumulation and Tobin’s, Keynesian Stabilization Policies, (Autonomous) Multipliers and Investment Accelerator, Demand and Supply of Money, Components of Money Supply, Liquidity Preference and Liquidity Trap, Money Multiplier, Interest Rate determination, Central Banking, Objectives, Instruments (Direct and Indirect) of Monetary Policy, Prudential Regulation, Quantitative Easing (Unconventional Monetary Policy), Commercial Banking, Non-Banking Financial Institutions, Capital Market and its Regulation, Theories of Inflation and Expectations Augmented Phillips Curve, Real Business Cycles, Adaptive Expectations Hypothesis, Rational Expectation Hypothesis and its critique. Closed Economy IS – LM Model and Mundell Fleming Model: Monetary and Fiscal Policy Efficacy. The Impossible Trinity.

C1.3 Statistics, Econometrics and Mathematical Economics:

Probability Theory: Concepts of probability, Probability Distributions [Discrete and Continuous], Central Limit Theorem, Index Numbers and Construction of Price Indices, Sampling Methods & Sampling Distribution, Statistical Inferences, Hypothesis Testing, Linear Regression Models and the Gauss Markov Theorem, Heteroscedasticity, Multicollinearity and Autocorrelation, Spurious regressions and Unit roots, Simultaneous Equation Models – recursive and non-recursive. Identification Problem, Differential Calculus and its Applications, Linear Algebra – Matrices, Applications of Cramer’s Rule, Static Optimization Problems and Applications, Input-Output Model, Linear Programming, Difference equations and Differential equations with applications

C1.4 International Economics:

Theories of International Trade, International Trade under Imperfect Competition, Gains from Trade, Terms of Trade, Trade Multiplier, Tariff and Non-Tariff barriers to trade; Dumping and Anti-Dumping Policies, GATT, WTO and Regional Trade Blocks; Trade Policy Issues, Balance of Payments: Composition, Equilibrium and Disequilibrium and Adjustment Mechanisms, Foreign Exchange Market and Arbitrage, Exchange rate determination, IMF & World Bank.

C1.5 Public Economics:

Market Failure and Remedial Measures: Asymmetric Information, Public Goods, Externality, Regulation of Market – Collusion and Consumers’ Welfare, Public Revenue: Tax & Non-Tax Revenue, Direct & Indirect Taxes, Progressive and non-Progressive Taxation, Incidence and Effects of Taxation, Public expenditure, Public Debt and its management, Public Budget and Budget Multiplier, Tax Incidence, Fiscal Policy and its implications, Environment as a Public Good, Market Failure and Coase Theorem, Cost-Benefit Analysis.

C1.6 Development Economics:

Theories of Economic Development: Adam Smith, David Ricardo, Karl Marx, J. Schumpeter, W. Rostow, Balanced & Unbalanced Growth, Big Push Approach, Indicators of Economic Development: HDI, SDGs, MDGs, Poverty and Inequalities – Concepts and Measurement Issues, Social Sector Development: Health, Education, Gender, Fertility, Morbidity, Mortality, Migration, Child Labor, Age Structure, Demographic Dividend, Models of Economic Growth: Harrod-Domar, Solow, Ramsey, Technical progress – Disembodied & Embodied, Endogenous Growth Models.

C1.7 Indian Economy:

Economic Growth in India: Pattern and Structure, Agriculture, Industry & Services Sector: Pattern & Structure of Growth, Major Challenges, Policy Responses, Rural & Urban Development – Issues, Challenges & Policy Responses, Flow of Foreign Capital, Trade Policies, Infrastructure Development: Physical and Social; Public-Private Partnerships, Reforms in Land, Labour and Capital Markets, Poverty, Inequality & Unemployment, Functioning of Monetary Policy in India, Fiscal Policy in the Indian context: Structure of Receipts and Expenditure, Tax reforms-Goods and Services Tax, Issues of Growth and Equity, Fiscal Federalism, Centre-State Financial Relations and Finance Commissions of India; Sustainability of Deficits and Debt, The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act 2003, Demonetization and aftermath. India’s balance of payments, Composition of India’s Trade, Competitiveness of India’s exports, India’s exchange rate policy.

IIT GATE 2024 Paper Pattern

In the IIT GATE 2024 examination, all papers will be presented in English. Each paper carries a total of 100 marks, with a shared General Aptitude (GA) section accounting for 15 marks. The remaining 85 marks are dedicated to the specific paper’s syllabus, of which 60 marks are allocated to Economics, while 25 marks are reserved for the compulsory Reasoning and Comprehension section, essential for all candidates.

IIT GATE Entrance Exam Marking Scheme

Here’s the marking scheme for the exam:

For 1-mark MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions): 

Correct Answer: +1 mark Wrong Answer: -1/3 mark For 2-mark MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions): 

Correct Answer: +2 marks Wrong Answer: -2/3 mark For MSQ (Multiple Select Questions) and NAT (Numerical Answer Type) questions: 

No negative marking for wrong answers. Full credit is given only if all correct options are selected for MSQ. There is no partial marking for MSQ.

Placements after IIT GATE

Placement opportunities can vary between institutes, so it’s advisable to visit the respective institute’s website for the most accurate and up-to-date information on placements. However, our graduates have found roles in various fields such as data analytics, risk analytics, marketing analytics, data science, consulting, market research, quantitative research, investment banking, credit risk management, and market risk management. Notably, the students have been recruited by esteemed companies like American Express, Boston Consulting Group, Deutsche Bank, Edelweiss, EXL Service, Goldman Sachs, ICICI Bank, JP Morgan Chase & Co., Mastercard, McKinsey & Company, Merrill Lynch, PwC DIAC, Walmart, Wells Fargo, and Wipro.

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